Masks, mumvetsetse kudzera mu miyezo

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Pakadali pano, nkhondo yapadziko lonse yolimbana ndi chibayo yoyambitsidwa ndi buku la coronavirus yayamba.Monga "njira yoyamba yodzitetezera" pachitetezo chaukhondo, ndikofunikira kwambiri kuvala zobvala zomwe zimakwaniritsa miyezo yopewera miliri.Kuchokera ku N95, KN95 mpaka masks opangira opaleshoni, anthu wamba amatha kukhala ndi malo akhungu posankha masks.Apa tikufotokozera mwachidule mfundo zomwe zili mugawo lokhazikika kuti zikuthandizeni kumvetsetsa tanthauzo la masks.
Kodi miyezo ya masks ndi yotani?
Pakadali pano, miyezo yayikulu yaku China ya masks ikuphatikiza GB 2626-2006 "Zida zodzitchinjiriza zodzitchinjiriza zodzipangira tokha zopumira", GB 19083-2010 "Zofunikira paukadaulo wamaski oteteza kuchipatala", YY 0469-2004 "Zofunikira pazachipatala masks opangira opaleshoni ”, GB/T 32610-2016 “Technical Specifications for Daily Protective Masks”, ndi zina zotero, zophimba chitetezo chantchito, chitetezo chachipatala, chitetezo cha anthu ndi magawo ena.

GB 2626-2006 "Zida Zodzitetezera Zopuma Zodzitetezera Zodzitetezera Zodzitetezera Zodzitetezera" zinalengezedwa ndi General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine and the National Standardization Management Committee.Ndilo mulingo wovomerezeka pamawu onse ndipo unakhazikitsidwa pa Disembala 1, 2006. Zinthu zoteteza zomwe zafotokozedwa mu muyezowu zikuphatikizapo mitundu yonse ya zinthu, kuphatikiza fumbi, utsi, chifunga ndi tizilombo tating'onoting'ono.Imatchulanso kupanga ndi ukadaulo wa zida zoteteza kupuma, komanso zinthu, mawonekedwe, mawonekedwe, magwiridwe antchito, komanso kusefera kwa masks afumbi (fumbi kukana kuchuluka), kukana kupuma, njira zoyesera, chizindikiritso chazinthu, kuyika, ndi zina zambiri. zofunika.

GB 19083-2010 "Technical Requirements for Medical Protective Masks" idalengezedwa ndi General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine and the National Standardization Management Committee, ndipo idakhazikitsidwa pa Ogasiti 1, 2011. Mulingo uwu umanena zaukadaulo, kuyesa njira, zizindikiro ndi malangizo ogwiritsira ntchito masks otetezera kuchipatala, komanso kulongedza, mayendedwe ndi kusunga.Ndi oyenera ntchito m'madera ntchito zachipatala zosefera mpweya particles ndi chipika m'malovu, magazi, zamadzimadzi thupi, secretions, etc. Self-priming fyuluta zoteteza zachipatala chigoba.4.10 ya muyezo ndiyomwe ikulimbikitsidwa, ndipo zina zonse ndizovomerezeka.

YY 0469-2004 “Technical Requirements for Medical Opaleshoni Masks” idalengezedwa ndi State Food and Drug Administration ngati mulingo wamakampani opanga mankhwala ndipo idakhazikitsidwa pa Januware 1, 2005. kuti mugwiritse ntchito, kulongedza, kuyendetsa ndi kusunga masks opangira opaleshoni.Muyezowu ukunena kuti kusefera kwa mabakiteriya kwa masks sikuyenera kuchepera 95%.
GB/T 32610-2016 "Mafotokozedwe Aukadaulo a Masks Oteteza Tsiku ndi Tsiku" idaperekedwa ndi General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine and National Standardization Management Committee.Uwu ndi mulingo woyamba m'dziko langa wa masks oteteza anthu wamba ndipo unakhazikitsidwa pa Novembara 1, 2016. Mulingowu ukukhudza zofunikira za chigoba, zofunikira pamapangidwe, zizindikiritso za zilembo, zofunikira za mawonekedwe, ndi zina zambiri. Zizindikiro zazikulu zikuphatikiza zisonyezo zogwira ntchito, kusefera kwa zinthu zina. , zizindikiro zopuma ndi zolimbikitsa zolimbitsa thupi, ndi zizindikiro zomatira.Muyezo umafuna kuti masks azitha kuteteza pakamwa ndi mphuno motetezeka komanso mwamphamvu, ndipo pasakhale ngodya zakuthwa ndi m'mbali zomwe zingakhudzidwe.Lili ndi malamulo atsatanetsatane okhudza zinthu zomwe zingawononge matupi a anthu monga formaldehyde, utoto, ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda kuti anthu azivala.Chitetezo mukavala masks oteteza.

Kodi masks wamba ndi chiyani?

Tsopano masks omwe amatchulidwa pafupipafupi akuphatikizapo KN95, N95, masks opangira opaleshoni ndi zina zotero.

Yoyamba ndi masks a KN95.Malinga ndi gulu la mtundu wa GB2626-2006 "Zida zodzitchinjiriza zodzitchinjiriza" - masks amagawidwa kukhala KN ndi KP malinga ndi kuchuluka kwa zinthu zosefera.Mtundu wa KP ndi woyenera kusefa tinthu tating'ono tamafuta, ndipo mtundu wa KN ndi woyenera kusefa tinthu tating'ono tamafuta.Mwa iwo, chigoba cha KN95 chikapezeka ndi tinthu tating'onoting'ono ta sodium chloride, kusefa kwake kuyenera kukhala kwakukulu kuposa kapena kofanana ndi 95%, ndiye kuti kusefera kwa tinthu tating'ono tamafuta pamwamba pa 0.075 microns ndikokulirapo kapena kofanana ndi 95%.

Mask a N95 ndi amodzi mwa masks asanu ndi anayi oteteza omwe amatsimikiziridwa ndi NIOSH (National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health).“N” amatanthauza kusamva mafuta."95" amatanthauza kuti akakumana ndi tinthu tating'ono tomwe timayesa, kuchuluka kwa tinthu mkati mwa chigoba kumatsika ndi 95% kuposa kuchuluka kwa tinthu kunja kwa chigoba.

Kodi pali chigoba mu "Pin Word Mark"?

Pa Novembara 9, 2018, T/ZZB 0739-2018 "Civilian Oil Fume Respirator" yopangidwa ndi Jiande Chaomei Daily Chemical Co., Ltd. idatulutsidwa ndi Zhejiang Brand Construction Association.
Zizindikiro zazikulu zaukadaulo zamtunduwu zimayikidwa molingana ndi magwiridwe antchito azinthu, tchulani GB/T 32610-2016 "Technical Specifications for Daily Protective Masks", kuphatikiza GB2626-2006 "Self-priming Filtered Particle Respirators", GB19083-2010 " Miyezo ya Chitetezo cha Zamankhwala monga Masks, US NIOSH "Masks Oteteza" ndi European Union EN149 "Masks Oteteza" amagwiritsidwa ntchito makamaka m'malo oteteza kupuma polumikizana ndi tinthu tambiri tamafuta (monga khitchini ndi malo ogulitsa nyama).Muyezowu ukunena kuti kusefera kwa tinthu tating'onoting'ono tamafuta ndikoposa 90%, ndipo zisonyezo zotsalira zimachokera pakukwaniritsa miyezo ya A-level ya masks aboma komanso miyezo ya masks oteteza anthu ogwira ntchito ku Europe ndi United States, ndi perekani patsogolo zofunikira pakutayikira, kukana kupuma, zizindikiro za ma microbial, ndi pH.Anawonjezera kufunikira kwa kuchedwa kwa hypersensitivity index.

Pali masks ambiri oteteza omwe ali ndi tinthu tating'ono ta KN90\KN95 topanda mafuta pamsika.Masks oteteza amtundu wa KP nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi kukana kwakukulu, ndipo kukongola kwawo ndi chitonthozo ndi miyezo ya masks oteteza mafakitale, omwe ndi ovuta kukwaniritsa zosowa za tsiku ndi tsiku za anthu.

Kupangidwa kwa miyezo ya masks amafuta amafuta kwathandiza kwambiri paumoyo wa anthu.Kwa ambiri ogwira ntchito kukhitchini, kupanga mulingo uwu kumathandiza kusankha zida zoyenera zodzitetezera kumalo awo ogwirira ntchito.

Ndiye palinso masks opangira opaleshoni.Malinga ndi tanthauzo la YY 0469-2004 "Zofunikira Zaukadaulo Pa Masks Opangira Opaleshoni Yachipatala", masks opangira opaleshoni "amavalidwa ndi ogwira ntchito zachipatala m'malo opangira opaleshoni, kuti ateteze odwala omwe akulandira chithandizo komanso ogwira ntchito zachipatala omwe akuchita maopaleshoni, ndikupewa. Masks opangira opaleshoni yachipatala omwe amafalitsidwa ndi magazi, madzi a m'thupi ndi splashes ndi masks ovala ndi ogwira ntchito zachipatala. "Chigoba chamtunduwu chimagwiritsidwa ntchito m'malo azachipatala monga zipatala zakunja, ma laboratories, ndi zipinda zogwirira ntchito, ndipo amagawidwa kukhala wosanjikiza madzi, wosanjikiza wosefera, ndi chitonthozo kuchokera kunja kupita mkati.

Kusankhidwa kwa sayansi kwa masks

Akatswiri ati kuphatikiza pakupereka chitetezo chogwira mtima, kuvala masks kuyeneranso kuganizira za chitonthozo cha wovalayo osati kubweretsa zoyipa monga zoopsa zamoyo.Nthawi zambiri, chitetezo cha chigoba chikakhala chokwera kwambiri, chimapangitsa kuti chitonthozo chiziyenda bwino.Anthu akavala chigoba ndikupuma mpweya, chigobacho chimakhala ndi kukana kwina kwa mpweya.Kukoka mpweya kukakhala kwakukulu, anthu ena amamva chizungulire, chifuwa cholimba ndi zovuta zina.

Anthu osiyanasiyana ali ndi mafakitale ndi matupi osiyanasiyana, kotero amakhala ndi zofunikira zosiyanasiyana pa kusindikiza, kuteteza, kutonthoza, ndi kusinthasintha kwa masks.Anthu ena apadera, monga ana, okalamba, ndi anthu omwe ali ndi matenda a kupuma ndi matenda amtima, ayenera kusankha mosamala mtundu wa masks.Pamaziko owonetsetsa chitetezo, pewani ngozi monga hypoxia ndi chizungulire mukamavala kwa nthawi yayitali.

Pomaliza, akumbutseni aliyense kuti ngakhale atakhala ndi masks amtundu wanji, amayenera kusamaliridwa bwino akagwiritsidwa ntchito kuti apewe kutenga matenda atsopano.Nthawi zambiri konzani masks ena angapo ndikuyika m'malo mwake kuti mupange mzere woyamba wachitetezo chachitetezo chaumoyo.Ndikufunirani nonse thanzi labwino!

Monga makampani

Jiande Chaomei Daily Chemical Co., Ltd. idakhazikitsidwa mu 1996. Kampaniyi ndi bizinesi yapamwamba kwambiri yomwe imagwira ntchito pa kafukufuku ndi chitukuko ndi kupanga zinthu zotetezera kupuma.Ndiwopanga zida zapamwamba zapakhomo zapakhomo zaku China PPE akatswiri opanga masks., Ndi imodzi mwamakampani oyambirira apakhomo omwe amagwira ntchito imeneyi.Kampaniyo ili ndi malo omangira 42,000 sq.Pakadali pano, kampaniyo ili ndi mphamvu yopanga pachaka ya masks akatswiri opitilira 400 miliyoni.Mu 2003, molingana ndi malangizo a National Development and Reform Commission, North Korea idapereka chitetezo ku chipatala cha Beijing Xiaotangshan, Chipatala cha Ditan, Chipatala cha Beijing Infectious Disease Hospital, PLA General Logistics Department, 302 ndi 309 China-Japan Friendship Hospitals ndi National Masks a Emergency Material Reserve Center "SARS".

Pofuna kuthana ndi mtundu watsopano wa chibayo cha coronavirus, North Korea ndi United States adakumbukira mwachangu antchito ozungulira omwe ali ndi malipiro awo katatu kuti apereke chitsimikizo champhamvu kwambiri kwa omenyera omwe akumenya nkhondo kutsogolo.Zinayamikiridwa ndi mitu yankhani ya CCTV News Network!

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Tamandani chifukwa cha bizinesi yolimbikira ngati "chizindikiro cha mawu", ndipo sangalalani ndi omenyera omwe akuvutikira kutsogolo.Anthu a m’dzikoli amalimbitsa chikhulupiriro chawo, amathandizana, kulimbikitsa anthu onse, komanso kupewa ndi kuletsa mliriwu.Ndithudi tidzapambana pankhondo imeneyi yolimbana ndi mliriwu.

Malangizo

Posachedwapa, bungwe la Zhejiang Provincial Institute of Standardization lawunika mwachangu miyezo yopitilira 20 yapadziko lonse lapansi, yakunja, yamayiko, yamakampani komanso yakumaloko pazofunikira zopewera miliri ndikuwongolera miyezo yozungulira masks oteteza zamankhwala, zovala zodzitchinjiriza zamankhwala, zida zodzitetezera, ndi zina. Kugula ndi kulowetsa kunja Kwatsogoleranso makampani kupanga masks ndi zinthu zina zodzitchinjiriza kuti apereke chithandizo chokhazikika chaukadaulo, kuthandiza mwachangu kuwongolera njira zopewera miliri ndi kuwongolera, ndikuthana ndi vuto la kuchepa kwa zida zamankhwala.


Nthawi yotumiza: Aug-31-2020