Masks, mvetsetsani kudzera muyezo

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Pakadali pano, nkhondo yapadziko lonse yolimbana ndi chibayo yoyambitsidwa ndi buku la coronavirus yayamba. Monga "mzere woyamba" wachitetezo chaukhondo, ndikofunikira kwambiri kuvala maski omwe amakwaniritsa miyezo yopewera miliri. Kuchokera ku N95, KN95 kupita ku maski opangira zamankhwala, anthu wamba atha kukhala ndi malo akhungu posankha maski. Apa tikufotokozera mwachidule mfundo zodziwikiratu mu gawo loyenera kuti likuthandizeni kumvetsetsa masks.
Kodi miyezo ya masks ndi yotani?
Pakadali pano, miyezo yayikulu yaku China yopanga maski ikuphatikizira GB 2626-2006 "Zida zotetezera kupuma zodziyimira pawokha zopewera-zopumira", GB 19083-2010 "Zofunikira pazasamba zoteteza", YY 0469-2004 "Zofunikira zaukadaulo zamankhwala masks opangira opaleshoni ", GB / T 32610-2016" Maluso aukadaulo a Masks Otetezera Tsiku Lililonse ", ndi zina zambiri, zophimba chitetezo cha anthu ogwira ntchito, chitetezo chamankhwala, chitetezo chaboma ndi madera ena.

GB 2626-2006 "Zida Zapweya Zodzitetezera Zosefera Zoyeserera Zoyipitsa" zidalengezedwa ndi omwe kale anali General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine ndi National Standardization Management Committee. Ndi mulingo wovomerezeka pamalemba onse ndipo udakwaniritsidwa pa Disembala 1, 2006. Zinthu zotetezedwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo zimaphatikizapo mitundu yonse yazinthu zina, kuphatikizapo fumbi, utsi, chifunga ndi tizilombo tating'onoting'ono. Ikufotokozanso zaukadaulo wopanga ndi maluso a zida zotetezera kupuma, komanso zinthu, kapangidwe, mawonekedwe, magwiridwe antchito, ndi kusefera kwamafuta am'mafumbi (kuchuluka kwa fumbi), kukana kupuma, njira zoyesera, chizindikiritso cha mankhwala, ma CD, ndi zina zotero. zofunikira.

GB 19083-2010 "Zofunikira paukadaulo wa Masiki Oteteza Pazachipatala" adalengezedwa ndi omwe kale anali General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine ndi National Standardization Management Committee, ndipo adakwaniritsidwa pa Ogasiti 1, 2011. Mulingo uwu umafotokoza zofunikira zaukadaulo, mayeso njira, zizindikiro ndi malangizo ogwiritsira ntchito maski oteteza kuchipatala, komanso kulongedza, mayendedwe ndi kusunga. Ndioyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito m'malo azachipatala kusefa tinthu tating'onoting'ono tomwe timatulutsa magazi, magazi, madzi amthupi, zotsekemera, ndi zina zotero. 4.10 ya muyezo ikulimbikitsidwa, ndipo enawo akuyenera.

YY 0469-2004 "Zofunikira paukadaulo Zamasamba Opangira Zamankhwala" adalengezedwa ndi State Food and Drug Administration ngati muyezo wopangira mankhwala ndipo udakwaniritsidwa pa Januware 1, 2005. Mulingo uwu umafotokoza zofunikira zaukadaulo, njira zoyeserera, zizindikiro ndi malangizo ntchito, ma CD, mayendedwe ndi kusunga masks achipatala opaleshoni. Mulingowu umanena kuti magwiridwe antchito a bakiteriya sayenera kukhala ochepera 95%.
GB / T 32610-2016 "Mafotokozedwe Akatswiri Opanga Masiki Oteteza Tsiku Lililonse" adaperekedwa ndi omwe kale anali General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine ndi National Standardization Management Committee. Ndilo dziko langa loyamba mdziko lonse lapansi kuti liziteteza kumaso kwa anthu wamba ndipo lidakwaniritsidwa pa Novembala 1, 2016. Mulingo wake umakhudza zofunikira za chigoba, zofunikira pakapangidwe kazinthu, zofunika kuzindikiritsa zilembo, zofunikira pakuwonekera, ndi zina. Zizindikiro zazikulu zikuphatikiza magwiridwe antchito, magwiridwe antchito azosefera zinthu , Zizindikiro zakutuluka ndi zolimbikitsira, ndi zisonyezo zolumikizira. Mulingo wake umafuna kuti maski azitha kuteteza pakamwa ndi mphuno mosamala, komanso sipangakhale malekezero akuthwa ndi m'mbali omwe angakhudzidwe. Ili ndi malamulo atsatanetsatane pazinthu zomwe zitha kuvulaza matupi a anthu monga formaldehyde, utoto, ndi tizilombo tating'onoting'ono toonetsetsa kuti anthu atha kuvala. Chitetezo mukamavala masks oteteza.

Kodi maski wamba ndi ati?

Tsopano masks omwe amatchulidwa kwambiri ndi KN95, N95, masks opangira zamankhwala ndi zina zotero.

Choyamba ndi maski a KN95. Malinga ndi mtundu wa mtundu wa GB2626-2006 "Zida zoteteza kupuma zodziyimira payokha zosefera-zoteteza kupuma", masks amagawika KN ndi KP malinga ndi magwiridwe antchito a fyuluta. Mtundu wa KP ndi woyenera kusefa tinthu tating'onoting'ono ta mafuta, ndipo mtundu wa KN ndi woyenera kusefa tinthu tating'onoting'ono. Pakati pawo, chigoba cha KN95 chikapezeka ndi sodium chloride particles, kusefera kwake kuyenera kukhala kokulirapo kapena kofanana ndi 95%, ndiye kuti, kusefera kwama tinthu osakhala mafuta pamwamba pa ma micron 0.075 ndi akulu kuposa kapena ofanana ndi 95%.

Chigoba cha N95 ndi chimodzi mwazisanu ndi zinayi zodzitetezera zotetezedwa ndi NIOSH (National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health). "N" amatanthauza osagonjetsedwa ndi mafuta. "95 ″ amatanthauza kuti ikawululidwa m'chiwerengero cha tinthu tating'onoting'ono tomwe timayesedwa, tinthu tating'onoting'ono tomwe timakhala mkati mwa chigoba ndizochepera kuposa 95% kuposa tinthu tomwe timakhala kunja kwa chigoba.

Kodi pali chigoba mu "Pin Word Mark"?

Pa Novembala 9, 2018, T / ZZB 0739-2018 "Respirator ya Mafuta Osiyanasiyana" yopangidwa ndi Jiande Chaomei Daily Chemical Co, Ltd. idatulutsidwa ndi Zhejiang Brand Construction Association.
Zizindikiro zazikulu za muyeso izi zakhazikitsidwa molingana ndi machitidwe azogulitsa, onaninso GB / T 32610-2016 "Maluso aukadaulo a Masks Oteteza Tsiku Lililonse", kuphatikiza ndi GB2626-2006 "Self-priming Filtered Particle Respirators", GB19083-2010 " Miyezo Yotetezera Achipatala monga Masks, US NIOSH "Masks Odzitetezera" ndi European Union EN149 "Masks Odzitetezera" amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri m'malo otetezera kupuma polumikizana ndi magawo amafuta ochulukirapo (monga khitchini ndi malo odyera kanyenya). Mulingowu umanenanso kuti kusefera kwamafuta a mafuta opitilira 90%, ndipo zisonyezo zotsalira ndizokhazikitsidwa ndi miyezo ya A-level ya masks aboma komanso miyezo yamafuta osateteza mafuta ku Europe ndi United States, ndi perekani zofunikira zapamwamba pakatayikira, kupuma kwamakina, zizindikiritso zazing'onozing'ono, ndi pH. Kuwonjeza kufunikira kwakuchedwetsa kwa hypersensitivity index.

Pali masks ambiri oteteza okhala ndi ma tinthu osakhala mafuta pamisika ya KN90 \ KN95. Maski oteteza mtundu wa KP nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi kukana kwakukulu, ndipo kukongola kwawo ndi chitonthozo chonse ndi miyezo yodzitchinjiriza m'mafakitale, zomwe ndizovuta kukwaniritsa zosowa za anthu tsiku ndi tsiku.

Kukhazikitsidwa kwa miyezo yamafuta amtundu wamafuta amtundu wamafuta kwathandiza kwambiri paumoyo wa anthu. Kwa ambiri ogwira ntchito kukhitchini, kukhazikitsidwa kwa muyeso uku kumathandiza kusankha zida zoyenera zotetezera malo ogwirira ntchito.

Ndiye palinso masks opangira opaleshoni. Malinga ndi tanthauzo la YY 0469-2004 "Zofunikira paukadaulo wa Masiki Opangira Zamankhwala", masks opangira zamankhwala "amavala azachipatala pamalo oopsa, kuti ateteze odwala omwe akuchiritsidwa ndi ogwira ntchito azachipatala, komanso kupewa Masks opangira zamankhwala omwe amafalitsidwa ndi magazi, madzi amthupi komanso ma splash ndi maski ovala azachipatala kuntchito. ” Chigoba chamtunduwu chimagwiritsidwa ntchito m'malo azachipatala monga zipatala zakuchipatala, malo opangira ma labotale, ndi zipinda zogwirira ntchito, ndipo imagawidwa wosanjikiza wopanda madzi, fyuluta wosanjikiza, komanso wosanjikiza kuchokera kunja mpaka mkati.

Kusankha maski

Akatswiri ati kuwonjezera pa kupereka chitetezo chokwanira, kuvala maski kuyeneranso kukumbukira kulira kwa wovalayo komanso osabweretsa zovuta monga zowopsa m'thupi. Nthawi zambiri, kutchinga kwa chigoba kumateteza kwambiri, kumakhudza kwambiri magwiridwe antchito. Anthu akavala chigoba ndikupumira, chigoba chimakhala ndi kukana kwakanthawi koti mpweya uzituluka. Kukana kupuma ndikokulira, anthu ena amamva chizungulire, kubanika pachifuwa komanso zovuta zina.

Anthu osiyanasiyana ali ndi mafakitale komanso mapangidwe osiyanasiyana, chifukwa chake ali ndi zofunikira zosiyanasiyana kuti asindikize, ateteze, atonthoze, ndikusintha maski. Anthu ena apadera, monga ana, okalamba, ndi anthu omwe ali ndi matenda opuma komanso matenda amtima, ayenera kusankha mosamala mtundu wa masks. Poganiza zowonetsetsa chitetezo, pewani ngozi monga hypoxia ndi chizungulire mukawavala kwa nthawi yayitali.

Pomaliza, kumbutsani aliyense kuti mosasamala kanthu mtundu wa maski, ayenera kusamalidwa moyenera atagwiritsidwa ntchito kuti asatenge kachilombo koyambitsa matenda. Nthawi zambiri konzekerani maski ena angapo ndikuwasintha munthawi yake kuti mumange njira yoyamba yodzitetezera. Ndikukhumba inu nonse mukhale ndi thanzi labwino!

Monga makampani

Jiande Chaomei Daily Chemical Co, Ltd. idakhazikitsidwa mu 1996. Kampaniyi ndi kampani yopanga ukadaulo yomwe imagwira ntchito pakufufuza ndi kukonza ndikupanga zinthu zoteteza kupuma. Ndiwofotokozeranso akatswiri opanga ma PPE aku China opanga maski. , Ndi imodzi mwamakampani oyambilira kwambiri omwe amachita izi. Kampaniyo ili ndi malo omanga a 42,000 mita lalikulu. Pakadali pano, kampaniyo imatha kupanga masks akatswiri oposa 400 miliyoni pachaka. Mu 2003, malinga ndi malangizo a National Development and Reform Commission, North Korea idangoteteza chipatala cha Beijing Xiaotangshan, Ditan Hospital, Beijing Infectious Disease Hospital, PLA General Logistics department, 302 ndi 309 China-Japan Friendship Hospitals ndi National Masiki a Emergency Material Reserve "SARS".

Pofuna kulimbana ndi matenda atsopanowa, North Korea ndi United States adakumbukira mwachangu ogwira nawo ntchito ndi malipiro awo katatu kuti apereke chitsimikizo champhamvu kwambiri kwa omenyera nkhondo omwe akumenyera kutsogolo. Anayamikiridwa ndi mitu yayikulu ya CCTV News Network!

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Tithokoze chifukwa chodzipereka kwambiri "," ndipo kondwerani omenyera nkhondo omwe akumenyera nkhondo. Anthu mdzikolo amalimbitsa chidaliro chawo, amathandizana wina ndi mnzake, amathandizira anthu onse, ndikupewa ndikuwongolera mliriwu. Tipambanadi nkhondoyi yolimbana ndi mliriwu.

Malangizo

Posachedwa, Zhejiang Provincial Institute of Standardization yaunika mwachangu zoposa 20 mayiko akunja, akunja, mayiko, mafakitale ndi miyezo yakomwe akufunira miliri yopewera ndi kuwongolera pamiyeso yoteteza, zamankhwala zoteteza, zida zodzitetezera kuchipatala, ndi zina zambiri, kugula ndi kuitanitsa Zatsogoleranso makampani kuti apange masks ndi zinthu zina zotetezera kuti zithandizire akatswiri ukadaulo waluso, kuthandizira pakuthandizira kuthana ndi miliri komanso kuthana ndi zovuta, ndikuthana ndi vuto la kusowa kwa mankhwala.


Nthawi yamakalata: Aug-31-2020